Tuesday, November 16, 2010

Stroke victim Nadine gets her voice back, thanks to an iPod Touch

A stroke sufferer who was left with severe communication problems has discovered she can make herself heard through an iPod Touch.

After suffering a major stroke as a result of a head injury two years ago, 38-year-old Nadine Howsam is using her communication support worker's iPod Touch to make herself heard.

Nora Moffat, who works for the Stroke Association in Lincolnshire, said there were two apps available on both the iPod Touch and the iPhone that can aid communication.

And she is teaching Mrs Howsam, who only has partial use of her right-hand side, to utilise the apps so she can ask for items in a shop and make conversation with people.

One of the apps consists of a set of catalogue cards with phrases including "I've had a stroke", "good morning" and "I would like a coffee".

And the iPod Touch can be prompted to "speak" these phrases out loud. Another app can store pre-written phrases onto the iPod Touch to be spoken by the device.

Mrs Howsam, who lives at Blenheim Care Centre in Hemswell near Gainsborough, was an avid reader prior to her stroke, but is now unable to read long stretches of text. However, she can now keep up with her favourite authors by listening to audio books on the iPod Touch....NEXT

Monday, November 15, 2010

Brain Line


What happens when the brain is injured?

Animated Deceleration Injury from a Traumatic Brain Injury
TBI Inform: Introduction to Brain Injury

What Happens When a Brain Bleeds?

Areas of the Brain Affected by Concussion
What is Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy?
Concussion Recovery

Perspectives: Ellayne Ganzfried, Executive Director of The National Aphasia Association November 3rd, 2010

(As promised, we return to our look at the condition called Aphasia in a conversation with Ellayne Ganzfried of the National Aphasia Association.)
Ellayne Ganzfried wanted to be a teacher, but a hiring freeze in New York steered life in a completely unexpected direction. Ganzfried, Executive Director of the NAA, has had a lot of unexpected surprises along her career path, all leading to work she loves—helping raise awareness for people with aphasia.
Forced to explore options other than teaching, nothing stood out until a counselor made her a proposition. “The college I attended in Brooklyn, attempting to correct the local accent, required a speech screening to decide if a student should take classes in public speaking…after I read the passage my advisor asked my major, which I hadn’t decided. She promised to exempt me from the public speaking class if I took a course in speech-language pathology. I told her she had a deal, and once I started taking the classes I fell in love with it.”...NEXT

Monday, August 16, 2010

Pembroke man has miracle brain injury recovery, but now faces rape trial

Brain injuries from a boat accident left Sean Ebert unable to walk, talk or feed himself. That was 15 years ago, when the 10-year-old from Pembroke arrived at Boston City Hospital with a fractured skull and a broken collarbone, in severe shock and bleeding from both ears.
Doctors had to induce a coma, and for several heart-wrenching days, his family waited. Then Ebert awoke.
What followed over the next year was what many called a miraculous recovery, chronicled by The Patriot Ledger at the time. Ebert regained control of his body and returned to school....next

Quantcast advertisement Home : News : Region Martin County : Rob Gangi returns home following accident

Rob Gangi has a full calendar these days.
There are the concerts with his son, Nicholas, the lunches with friends and possibly a skydiving trip sometime in his future.
Gangi also has plenty of work ahead of him as a volunteer with Honor Flight.  The organization flies veterans to Washington D.C. to visit their war memorials.
Just eight months ago, doctors weren't sure Gangi would even live, much less lead a full life.
On December 26, Gangi was riding a Ripstick, which is similar to a skateboard, at his parents' house in North Carolina.
Gangi fell, hitting his head so hard doctors weren't sure he'd survive.
His neurologist said if Gangi did survive, he'd probably never walk or talk again...Next

Human meridian

2010年8月10日 星期二


With aging of people in the society and the tendency of the onset of erebrovascular disease(CVD)becoming earlier in age,the incidence of CVDis increasing year after year.In addition to sensory and motor dysfunction of extremities,speech disorder is one of the complications of CVDfrequently encountered.Domestic evidence has shown that 25 of the patients suffering fromCVDare complicated with speech disorder,including aphasia,dysarthria,apraxia of speech,among which motor aphasia is mostly..next

Symptoms of Child Aphasia

Aphasia occurs after some parts of the brain responsible for language are damaged. In most cases, this damage involves the left side of the brain. This results in impairment in language production or understanding and can affect both written and spoken language. A person is not born with aphasia. Usually, this disorder occurs suddenly as a result of a head injury, but can also happen slowly in patients with brain tumors or as a result of an infection, such as encephalitis. Most aphasia patients are middle aged or older, but anyone can get this disorder including children. The younger the patient, the better the prognosis after aphasia typically is. The symptoms of aphasia vary significantly depending on the size and location of the damage inflicted on the brain.

Trouble Understanding Speech

The main problem many aphasia patients have is that they do not understand spoken or written language. Typically, in these situations, the person suffers from fluent aphasia, which is also called Wernicke's aphasia. It is usually caused by damage to the left temporal lobe. The speech of a patient may have no meaning as she adds unnecessary words to her sentences and often comes up with made-up words. Typically, a child is not aware of his difficulties and may.....Next

Words Are More Like Cats Than Dogs

Aphasia is an acquired communications disorder usually as a result of a stroke or a brain injury. It strikes approximately 100,000 Americans each year. It is more prevalent than Parkinson’s disease, but fewer people are aware of it, and fewer still familiar with it. It affects different people differently.

In my case, I have difficulty in remembering words on call, and in following arguments and directions, especially verbally. I need to see something in writing to be able to digest it slowly. For someone whose life revolved around the use of words and arguments this has been difficult. The following essay is my attempt to describe what it’s like trying to work with words and arguments suffering with a mild...next

Nancy Helm-Estabrooks, Sc.D

Saturday, April 24, 2010

Coma Victim's Language Ability Explained


* A coma left a teenager only able to speak a language that she had just begun to learn.
* Different parts of the brain become involved when a person learns a second language.
* There is still a lot we don't know about language in the brain.

After 24 hours in a coma, a Croatian girl woke up speaking only German, according to reports that spread across the Internet last week. The 13-year-old had been studying German in school and watching German television shows on her own, according to various versions of the story, but she was not fluent until after the incident. Meanwhile, she lost the ability to speak her native language. Next.....

Girl Wakes from Coma Speaking Different Language

A 13 year old girl wakens from a 24 hour coma speaking a different language.  The girl is Croatian and instead of speaking her native language, she awoke speaking German.  She had been studying German, but was not fluent in German, but when she awoke, she could only speak German.
What is not clear is how much and how well she could speak German, her new language, but interestingly, she could not speak her own Croatian.......Next

Sunday, March 14, 2010

Former major league pitcher appreciates family after tumor

The tumor and seizure also affected Ricky’s memory and speech, resulting in a condition known as aphasia, where he knows what he wants to say but just can’t get the words to come out. And he wasn’t allowed to drive for six months, which really made things rough with Tracey teaching prekindergarten three mornings a week and going to class to earn her master’s degree two nights a week. Plus, there were the speech therapy classes three days a week and three-day trips to Houston every other month.  Next...

A smile unbroken

Saturday, March 13, 2010

Douglas Warner Jr., physics professor

Douglas Warner Jr., a retired physics professor and longtime Roland Park resident, died Monday of progressive aphasia at the Broadmead retirement community in Cockeysville. He was 84.

Dr. Warner, whose parents owned and operated the O.F.H. Warner Paper Co., was born in Baltimore and raised on Lombardy Place in Roland Park. He was also a grandson of Dr. Howard A. Kelly, one of the four founding physicians of Johns Hopkins Hospital.

He attended Gilman School and graduated in 1943 from the Pomfret School in Pomfret, Conn. Next..

Music Helps Stroke Victims Communicate, Study Finds

SAN DIEGO—For the many stroke victims devastated by the loss of their ability to speak, music may hold the key to unlocking language, according to a new study.

The research, presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science here Saturday, produced often dramatic results in 12 patients whose speech was impaired after a stroke to the left hemisphere of the brain. Such patients struggle to communicate or cannot speak at all.

In the study, patients who were taught to essentially sing their words improved their verbal abilities and maintained the improvement for up to a month after the end of the therapy, according to Gottfried Schlaug, a neurology professor at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School.

The patients may continue to speak in a more "sing-songy" way than a person with normal speech, but they are able to say functional phrases, such as that they are thirsty or where they live, according to Dr. Schlaug, whose work was met with enthusiastic applause after his presentation.

The treatment, called melodic intonation therapy, was devised in the 1970s after clinicians observed that some patients who suffered strokes were no longer able to talk but could still sing. However, the therapy never really caught and its efficacy hasn't been fully assessed, Dr. Schlaug said.

In melodic intonation therapy, therapists teach patients how to sing words and phrases consistent with the underlying melody of speech, while tapping a rhythm with their left hands. After frequent repetition—1.5 hour-long daily sessions with a therapist for 15 weeks—the patients gradually learn to turn the sung words into speech.

The theory behind the treatment is that there are separate brain networks associated with vocal output, with one more engaged with speech and the other with music. With certain types of stroke, fibers on the left side of the brain that are important to the interaction of the auditory and the motor system are disrupted. But if the brain could recruit the fibers from the right side, which are more engaged with music, then the system could adapt. Dr. Schlaug believes that the tapping of the left hand works to engage the auditory and motor systems. Next...

Thursday, March 11, 2010

How to get Aphasia Treatment?

<strong>How to get Aphasia Treatment?

Wednesday, March 10, 2010

(Great Video) Music can repair brain after a stroke

Two years ago, Rosemary Page could barely speak after a stroke. Today, she has sentences, and that began as songs.
Music therapist Jenny Rook says Rosemary's stroke caused what's called expressive aphasia.
"The capacity to produce music and musical phrases is not damaged so people with aphasia are usually able to sing songs when they can't talk," said music therapist Jenny Rook.Next...

John Medina on KING5 (NBC) News

The hope of music's healing powers

Yes, yes, it hath charms to soothe a savage breast (or beast, if you prefer to repeat a common mistake). But researchers are finding that music may be an effective balm for many other afflictions: the isolation of conditions such as autism and Alzheimer's disease, the disability that results from stroke, the physical stress of entering the world too early.

The hope of music's curative powers has spawned a community in the United States of some 5,000 registered music therapists, who have done post-college study in psychology and music to gain certification. Active primarily in hospitals, nursing homes, special needs classrooms and rehabilitation units, music therapists aim to soothe, stimulate and support the development or recovery of abilities lost to illness or injury.

Singing therapy helps stroke patients regain language

San Diego, California (CNN) -- When mothers speak to children, it's often in a singsong tone. That's no coincidence, scientists say, given that music and language are so intricately linked in the brain.
Scientists are using this fundamental connection between song and speech to treat patients who have lost their ability to communicate. There's evidence that music can be used to help people with severe brain impairments learn how to speak again, scientists said over the weekend at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Doctors at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts, are treating stroke patients who have little or no spontaneous speech by associating melodies with words and phrases.
"Music, and music-making, is really a very special form of a tool or an intervention that can be used to treat neurological disorders, said Dr. Gottfried Schlaug, associate professor of neurology at Beth Israel and Harvard University. "There's rarely any other activity that could really activate or engage this many regions of the brain that is experienced as being a joyous activity."
There are between 750,000 and 800,000 strokes per year in the United States, and about 200,000 of them result in a kind of language disorder called aphasia, he said. About one-third of those patients have aphasia so severe that they become non-fluent, meaning about 60,000 to 70,000 patients per year could benefit from the music therapy.

Sunday, January 31, 2010

Stroke Stopper Interventional Neuroradiologists Treat Brain Strokes with New Kind of Stent

April 1, 2006 — A new "wingspan" stent helps restore blood flow for patients with intracranial atherosclerotic disease, or ICAD. Surgeons insert the stent up the leg arteries, guide it to the brain, then let its wire mesh expand, propping open a clogged blood vessel. The new stent, designed">April 1, 2006 — A new "wingspan" stent helps restore blood flow for patients with intracranial atherosclerotic disease, or ICAD. Surgeons insert the stent up the leg arteries, guide it to the brain, then let its wire mesh expand, propping open a clogged blood vessel. The new stent, designed...Next